Environmental opportunities exist for both those coming from an ecological
background and those entering the sector with qualifications in environmental
engineering. Basically, the roles are divided between the ecologists and
biological scientists who must be capable of auditing the present state
of the environment, and from then monitor and suggest industry targets.
Their counterparts in industry are charged with cleaning up business practices
and reducing the exposure to financial cost and increased risk associated
with environmental damage.
There are a large number of government and NGO departments concerned with
environmental protection, both in the preparation of legislation and its
subsequent enforcement. Most companies have specialist environmental engineers
both to monitor existing methods and design new improved systems which
offer reduced emissions and lowered risk of environmental accidents.
Environmental Impact Assessments
A rigorous requirement for full Environmental Impact Assessments is becoming
normal in many areas as part of the planning process for RE installations.
Ecologists with local species and habitat knowledge are required to audit
the local biodiversity and rank its environmental importance before any
EIA or SEAs can be prepared.
Wind Farm EIAs
The specific environmental issues surrounding wind farms such as noise
impacts and shadow flicker require particular specialised expertise to
ensure the provision of satisfactory assessments. Specialist computing
modelling skills in bespoke wind energy software packages are now aiding
Knowledge of local and national environmental legislation is valued by
many operators within Renewable Energy. There is a vast array of legislation
already in operation which must be negotiated by those charged with achieving
consents. To match the multitude of local environmental concerns and the
ever growing list of national wildlife conservation acts, there is the
larger impact of international agreements which bring forth treaties such
as the recently endorsed Kyoto Protocol.